Dnote entries are displayed here in descending order according to start date of the show / event.

Alternatively, search by Venue or use the Search box at the top of each page on the site.

There are 4284 Dnote entries over 56 pages (#01 is the most recent).

01   02   03   04   05   06   07   08   09   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38   39   40   41   42   43   44   45   46   47   48   49   50   51   52   53   54   55   56  
Friday 3 October to Monday 13 October 2014
John Fitzsimons: Recollections | The Octagonal Room City Assembly House 58 South William Street Dublin 2 | Friday 3 October to Monday 13 October 2014 | to
John Fitzsimons: Recollections

The Octagonal Room
City Assembly House
58 South William Street
Dublin 2
Wednesday 27 August to Tuesday 23 September 2014
Elena Duff: Me and My Shadow | Toradh Gallery Ashbourne Cultural Centre Ashbourne, Co. Meath | Wednesday 27 August to Tuesday 23 September 2014 | to
Elena Duff: Me and My Shadow

Toradh Gallery
Ashbourne Cultural Centre
Ashbourne, Co. Meath
Friday 26 September to Thursday 20 November 2014
Elaine Byrne: RAUMPLAN | Limerick City Gallery Pery Square, Limerick | Friday 26 September to Thursday 20 November 2014 | to
Elaine Byrne: RAUMPLAN

Limerick City Gallery
Pery Square, Limerick
Wednesday 27 August to Friday 5 September 2014
Art for Gaza | Oonagh Young Gallery 1 James Joyce Street Liberty Corner Dublin 1 | Wednesday 27 August to Friday 5 September 2014 | to
Art for Gaza

Oonagh Young Gallery
1 James Joyce Street
Liberty Corner
Dublin 1
Friday 26 September to Saturday 11 October 2014
Jane O’Malley: A Selection from Recent Work | Taylor Galleries 16 Kildare Street, Dublin 2 | Friday 26 September to Saturday 11 October 2014 | to
Jane O’Malley: A Selection from Recent Work

Taylor Galleries
16 Kildare Street, Dublin 2
Tuesday 26 August to Saturday 15 November 2014
Saidhbhín Gibson: Natura natura | The LAB Foley Street, Dublin 1 | Tuesday 26 August to Saturday 15 November 2014 | to
Saidhbhín Gibson: Natura natura

The LAB
Foley Street, Dublin 1
Friday 26 September to Tuesday 18 November 2014
Lida Abdul, Rita Duffy, Jamal Penjweny: White – Lest we Forget | Limerick City Gallery Pery Square, Limerick | Friday 26 September to Tuesday 18 November 2014 | to
Lida Abdul, Rita Duffy, Jamal Penjweny: White – Lest we Forget

Limerick City Gallery
Pery Square, Limerick
Friday 22 August to Saturday 13 September 2014
‘It is not on any map, true places never are’ | No. 2 Clifden Youghal, Co. Cork | Friday 22 August to Saturday 13 September 2014 | to
‘It is not on any map, true places never are’

No. 2 Clifden
Youghal, Co. Cork
Wednesday 24 September 2014
Blue Moon Lost Wednesdays | Royal Hibernian Academy 15 Ely Place, Dublin 2 | Wednesday 24 September 2014 | to
Blue Moon Lost Wednesdays

Royal Hibernian Academy
15 Ely Place, Dublin 2
Saturday 16 August to Sunday 7 September 2014
Russborough Sculpture Exhibition at Gormleys, Dublin | Gormley's Fine Art, Dublin 27 South Frederick Street, Dublin 2 | Saturday 16 August to Sunday 7 September 2014 | to
Russborough Sculpture Exhibition at Gormleys, Dublin

Gormley's Fine Art, Dublin
27 South Frederick Street, Dublin 2
Wednesday 24 September 2014 to Sunday 24 May 2015
Efforts and Ideals: Prints of the First World War | Hugh Lane Gallery Parnell Square North Dublin 1 | Wednesday 24 September 2014 to Sunday 24 May 2015 | to
Efforts and Ideals: Prints of the First World War

Hugh Lane Gallery
Parnell Square North
Dublin 1
Friday 15 August to Sunday 28 September 2014
Photo Album of Ireland | Market House Market Street Monaghan Town Co Monaghan | Friday 15 August to Sunday 28 September 2014 | to
Photo Album of Ireland

Market House
Market Street
Monaghan Town
Co Monaghan
Monday 22 September 2014
Experimental Film Society screening | Temple Bar Gallery & Studios 5 - 9 Temple Bar Dublin 2 | Monday 22 September 2014 | to
Experimental Film Society screening

Temple Bar Gallery & Studios
5 - 9 Temple Bar
Dublin 2
Thursday 14 August to Saturday 13 September 2014
GIBBONS / WALKER / WARREN | Hillsboro Fine Art 49 Parnell Square West Dublin 1 | Thursday 14 August to Saturday 13 September 2014 | to
GIBBONS / WALKER / WARREN

Hillsboro Fine Art
49 Parnell Square West
Dublin 1
Friday 19 September to Sunday 5 October 2014
Yvonne Cullivan: In the Current | Library and Civic Centre Belturbet, Co. Cavan | Friday 19 September to Sunday 5 October 2014 | to
Yvonne Cullivan: In the Current

Library and Civic Centre
Belturbet, Co. Cavan
Saturday 9 August to Sunday 5 October 2014
Marilyn Lerner: Circle in the Square | Butler Gallery Evans' Home John’s Quay, Kilkenny | Saturday 9 August to Sunday 5 October 2014 | to
Marilyn Lerner: Circle in the Square

Butler Gallery
Evans' Home
John’s Quay, Kilkenny
Friday 19 September to Saturday 8 November 2014
Ann Murphy and Christine Lebeck: Fugue State | Mermaid Arts Centre Main Street, Bray Co. Wicklow | Friday 19 September to Saturday 8 November 2014 | to
Ann Murphy and Christine Lebeck: Fugue State

Mermaid Arts Centre
Main Street, Bray
Co. Wicklow
Saturday 9 August to Saturday 23 August 2014
a soul’s escape | Irish Georgian Society 58 South William Street Dublin 2 | Saturday 9 August to Saturday 23 August 2014 | to
a soul’s escape

Irish Georgian Society
58 South William Street
Dublin 2
Friday 19 September to Thursday 9 October 2014
Ross Cochrane: Newfoundland | The Courthouse Farnham Street, Cavan Town | Friday 19 September to Thursday 9 October 2014 | to
Ross Cochrane: Newfoundland

The Courthouse
Farnham Street, Cavan Town
Saturday 9 August to Thursday 4 September 2014
Samuel Walsh: New Paintings and Some Drawings | Courthouse Gallery Parliament Street, Ennistymon, Co. Clare | Saturday 9 August to Thursday 4 September 2014 | to
Samuel Walsh: New Paintings and Some Drawings

Courthouse Gallery
Parliament Street, Ennistymon, Co. Clare
Friday 19 September to Sunday 21 September 2014
Healy Times – A Tribute To Dermot Healy | 61 College Street Cavan | Friday 19 September to Sunday 21 September 2014 | to
Healy Times – A Tribute To Dermot Healy

61 College Street
Cavan
Friday 8 August to Sunday 5 October 2014
Centred | Farmleigh Gallery Farmleigh, Castleknock Dublin 15 | Friday 8 August to Sunday 5 October 2014 | to
Centred

Farmleigh Gallery
Farmleigh, Castleknock
Dublin 15
Friday 19 September to Saturday 18 October 2014
Paddy McCann: Well | Hillsboro Fine Art 49 Parnell Square West Dublin 1 | Friday 19 September to Saturday 18 October 2014 | to
Paddy McCann: Well

Hillsboro Fine Art
49 Parnell Square West
Dublin 1
Friday 8 August to Saturday 30 August 2014
Ruth E. Lyons: The Pinking | Kevin Kavanagh Chancery Lane Dublin 8 | Friday 8 August to Saturday 30 August 2014 | to
Ruth E. Lyons: The Pinking

Kevin Kavanagh
Chancery Lane
Dublin 8
Friday 19 September to Sunday 5 October 2014
Irish Polish Society Annual Art Exhibition | | Friday 19 September to Sunday 5 October 2014 | to
Irish Polish Society Annual Art Exhibition

Friday 8 August to Saturday 30 August 2014
Matthew Sutton: Generally Recognised as Safe | Galway Arts Centre 47 Dominick Street Galway | Friday 8 August to Saturday 30 August 2014 | to
Matthew Sutton: Generally Recognised as Safe

Galway Arts Centre
47 Dominick Street
Galway
Friday 19 September to Saturday 11 October 2014
Rebecca Crowell: Places Within | Gormley's Fine Art, Dublin 27 South Frederick Street, Dublin 2 | Friday 19 September to Saturday 11 October 2014 | to
Rebecca Crowell: Places Within

Gormley's Fine Art, Dublin
27 South Frederick Street, Dublin 2
Friday 8 August to Saturday 30 August 2014
Clay Works | CIT Wandesford Quay Gallery Cork | Friday 8 August to Saturday 30 August 2014 | to
Clay Works

CIT Wandesford Quay Gallery
Cork
Friday 19 September to Saturday 11 October 2014
Doireann Ní Ghrioghair: Kingdom Come | CIT Wandesford Quay Gallery Cork | Friday 19 September to Saturday 11 October 2014 | to
Doireann Ní Ghrioghair: Kingdom Come

CIT Wandesford Quay Gallery
Cork
Wednesday 6 August to Tuesday 26 August 2014
Frequencies 2014 | National Sculpture Factory Albert Road, Cork City | Wednesday 6 August to Tuesday 26 August 2014 | to
Frequencies 2014

National Sculpture Factory
Albert Road, Cork City
Saturday 13 September to Saturday 1 November 2014
Mark Clare: I Believe In You | Crawford Art Gallery Emmet Place, Cork | Saturday 13 September to Saturday 1 November 2014 | to
Mark Clare: I Believe In You

Crawford Art Gallery
Emmet Place, Cork
Tuesday 5 August to Friday 5 September 2014
The Starry Messenger: Seven Artist Filmmakers | VOID Patrick Street Derry BT48 7EL | Tuesday 5 August to Friday 5 September 2014 | to
The Starry Messenger: Seven Artist Filmmakers

VOID
Patrick Street
Derry BT48 7EL
Friday 12 September to Saturday 15 November 2014
Aisling O’Beirn: Quaternion Quest | The LAB Foley Street, Dublin 1 | Friday 12 September to Saturday 15 November 2014 | to
Aisling O’Beirn: Quaternion Quest

The LAB
Foley Street, Dublin 1
Saturday 2 August to Sunday 9 November 2014
Second Sight: The David Kronn Collection | IMMA Royal Hospital, Kilmainham Dublin 8 | Saturday 2 August to Sunday 9 November 2014 | to
Second Sight: The David Kronn Collection

IMMA
Royal Hospital, Kilmainham
Dublin 8
Friday 12 September to Sunday 14 September 2014
Visual Artists for Gaza @ 126 | 126 15 St Brigid’s Place Hidden Valley, Galway City | Friday 12 September to Sunday 14 September 2014 | to
Visual Artists for Gaza @ 126

126
15 St Brigid’s Place
Hidden Valley, Galway City
Friday 1 August to Friday 29 August 2014
Now and Everything in Between | Galway Arts Centre 47 Dominick Street Galway | Friday 1 August to Friday 29 August 2014 | to
Now and Everything in Between

Galway Arts Centre
47 Dominick Street
Galway
Friday 12 September 2014 to Sunday 11 January 2015
Mary McIntyre: An Interior Landscape | VISUAL Centre for Contemporary Art Old Dublin Road, Carlow | Friday 12 September 2014 to Sunday 11 January 2015 | to
Mary McIntyre: An Interior Landscape

VISUAL Centre for Contemporary Art
Old Dublin Road, Carlow
Friday 1 August to Friday 29 August 2014
The Amulet Exhibition Tour | Galway Arts Centre 47 Dominick Street Galway | Friday 1 August to Friday 29 August 2014 | to
The Amulet Exhibition Tour

Galway Arts Centre
47 Dominick Street
Galway
Friday 12 September to Saturday 4 October 2014
Kieran Crowley: Oh! The Drama! | Solomon Fine Art Balfe Street, Dublin 2 | Friday 12 September to Saturday 4 October 2014 | to
Kieran Crowley: Oh! The Drama!

Solomon Fine Art
Balfe Street, Dublin 2
Friday 1 August 2014 to Monday 4 May 2015
Conversations | IMMA Royal Hospital, Kilmainham Dublin 8 | Friday 1 August 2014 to Monday 4 May 2015 | to
Conversations

IMMA
Royal Hospital, Kilmainham
Dublin 8
Friday 12 September 2014 to Sunday 11 January 2015
Sean Lynch: For the Birds | VISUAL Centre for Contemporary Art Old Dublin Road, Carlow | Friday 12 September 2014 to Sunday 11 January 2015 | to
Sean Lynch: For the Birds

VISUAL Centre for Contemporary Art
Old Dublin Road, Carlow
Thursday 31 July 2014
John Kelly: ‘Beyond Woop Woop, an artist’s voyage to Antarctica’ | Uillinn: West Cork Arts Centre Skibbereen, Co Cork | Thursday 31 July 2014 | to
John Kelly: ‘Beyond Woop Woop, an artist’s voyage to Antarctica’

Uillinn: West Cork Arts Centre
Skibbereen, Co Cork
Saturday 6 September to Saturday 13 September 2014
…The Day Came Fat… | CIT Wandesford Quay Gallery Cork | Saturday 6 September to Saturday 13 September 2014 | to
…The Day Came Fat…

CIT Wandesford Quay Gallery
Cork
Thursday 31 July to Sunday 31 August 2014
Print Block | VISUAL Centre for Contemporary Art Old Dublin Road, Carlow | Thursday 31 July to Sunday 31 August 2014 | to
Print Block

VISUAL Centre for Contemporary Art
Old Dublin Road, Carlow
Saturday 6 September to Sunday 28 September 2014
University of Ulster MFA Graduate Exhibition 2014 | Photo Museum Ireland Meeting House Square Temple Bar, Dublin 2 | Saturday 6 September to Sunday 28 September 2014 | to
University of Ulster MFA Graduate Exhibition 2014

Photo Museum Ireland
Meeting House Square
Temple Bar, Dublin 2
Wednesday 30 July to Sunday 10 August 2014
RDS National Craft & Student Art Awards Exhibition | | Wednesday 30 July to Sunday 10 August 2014 | to
RDS National Craft & Student Art Awards Exhibition

Saturday 6 September to Sunday 19 October 2014
Dorothy Cross: Eye of Shark | Lismore Castle Arts: St Carthage Hall Chapel Street, Lismore Co. Waterford | Saturday 6 September to Sunday 19 October 2014 | to
Dorothy Cross: Eye of Shark

Lismore Castle Arts: St Carthage Hall
Chapel Street, Lismore
Co. Waterford
Monday 28 July to Saturday 30 August 2014
Summer Group Show | Taylor Galleries 16 Kildare Street, Dublin 2 | Monday 28 July to Saturday 30 August 2014 | to
Summer Group Show

Taylor Galleries
16 Kildare Street, Dublin 2
Saturday 6 September 2014 to Sunday 11 January 2015
Two Views of Carlow – Adam Bohanna (1968-) & Frank O’Meara (1853-1888) | VISUAL Centre for Contemporary Art Old Dublin Road, Carlow | Saturday 6 September 2014 to Sunday 11 January 2015 | to
Two Views of Carlow – Adam Bohanna (1968-) & Frank O’Meara (1853-1888)

VISUAL Centre for Contemporary Art
Old Dublin Road, Carlow
Saturday 26 July 2014
Self-made: An Exhibition Of Live Performance | Crawford Art Gallery Emmet Place, Cork | Saturday 26 July 2014 | to
Self-made: An Exhibition Of Live Performance

Crawford Art Gallery
Emmet Place, Cork
Friday 5 September to Saturday 4 October 2014
Margaret Corcoran: The Abundance | Kevin Kavanagh Chancery Lane Dublin 8 | Friday 5 September to Saturday 4 October 2014 | to
Margaret Corcoran: The Abundance

Kevin Kavanagh
Chancery Lane
Dublin 8
Saturday 26 July to Thursday 7 August 2014
John Kelly: Castlehaven – Recent Paintings and Etchings | Doswell Gallery West Square, Rosscarbery Co Cork | Saturday 26 July to Thursday 7 August 2014 | to
John Kelly: Castlehaven – Recent Paintings and Etchings

Doswell Gallery
West Square, Rosscarbery
Co Cork
Friday 5 September to Saturday 27 September 2014
The Ghost in the Machine | Galway Arts Centre 47 Dominick Street Galway | Friday 5 September to Saturday 27 September 2014 | to
The Ghost in the Machine

Galway Arts Centre
47 Dominick Street
Galway
Wednesday 23 July to Tuesday 12 August 2014
Nuala O’Sullivan: A Respectable Woman | Toradh Gallery Ashbourne Cultural Centre Ashbourne, Co. Meath | Wednesday 23 July to Tuesday 12 August 2014 | to
Nuala O’Sullivan: A Respectable Woman

Toradh Gallery
Ashbourne Cultural Centre
Ashbourne, Co. Meath
Friday 5 September to Friday 26 September 2014
Dragana Jurišić: YU: The Lost Country | Royal Hibernian Academy 15 Ely Place, Dublin 2 | Friday 5 September to Friday 26 September 2014 | to
Dragana Jurišić: YU: The Lost Country

Royal Hibernian Academy
15 Ely Place, Dublin 2
Wednesday 23 July to Saturday 2 August 2014
Cork Thing | CIT Wandesford Quay Gallery Cork | Wednesday 23 July to Saturday 2 August 2014 | to
Cork Thing

CIT Wandesford Quay Gallery
Cork
Friday 5 September to Sunday 26 October 2014
Maria Simonds-Gooding: A Retrospective | Royal Hibernian Academy 15 Ely Place, Dublin 2 | Friday 5 September to Sunday 26 October 2014 | to
Maria Simonds-Gooding: A Retrospective

Royal Hibernian Academy
15 Ely Place, Dublin 2
Saturday 19 July to Sunday 5 October 2014
Hélio Oiticica: Propositions | IMMA Royal Hospital, Kilmainham Dublin 8 | Saturday 19 July to Sunday 5 October 2014 | to
Hélio Oiticica: Propositions

IMMA
Royal Hospital, Kilmainham
Dublin 8
Friday 5 September to Sunday 26 October 2014
Paul Murnaghan: Penumbra | Royal Hibernian Academy 15 Ely Place, Dublin 2 | Friday 5 September to Sunday 26 October 2014 | to
Paul Murnaghan: Penumbra

Royal Hibernian Academy
15 Ely Place, Dublin 2
Friday 18 July to Saturday 26 July 2014
SUMMER RISING | IMMA Royal Hospital, Kilmainham Dublin 8 | Friday 18 July to Saturday 26 July 2014 | to
SUMMER RISING

IMMA
Royal Hospital, Kilmainham
Dublin 8
Friday 5 September to Friday 19 December 2014
Boyle Civic Collection | Royal Hibernian Academy 15 Ely Place, Dublin 2 | Friday 5 September to Friday 19 December 2014 | to
Boyle Civic Collection

Royal Hibernian Academy
15 Ely Place, Dublin 2
Friday 18 July to Wednesday 20 August 2014
Wickham Street Studios | Bourn Vincent Gallery University Of Limerick Plassey, Limerick | Friday 18 July to Wednesday 20 August 2014 | to
Wickham Street Studios

Bourn Vincent Gallery
University Of Limerick
Plassey, Limerick
Friday 5 September to Friday 19 December 2014
Gary Coyle RHA | Royal Hibernian Academy 15 Ely Place, Dublin 2 | Friday 5 September to Friday 19 December 2014 | to
Gary Coyle RHA

Royal Hibernian Academy
15 Ely Place, Dublin 2
Friday 18 July to Sunday 14 September 2014
Ewa Partum: Installations and Provocations | Limerick City Gallery Pery Square, Limerick | Friday 18 July to Sunday 14 September 2014 | to
Ewa Partum: Installations and Provocations

Limerick City Gallery
Pery Square, Limerick
Friday 5 September to Saturday 1 November 2014
Nathaniel Mellors: The Sophisticated Neanderthal Interview | Temple Bar Gallery & Studios 5 - 9 Temple Bar Dublin 2 | Friday 5 September to Saturday 1 November 2014 | to
Nathaniel Mellors: The Sophisticated Neanderthal Interview

Temple Bar Gallery & Studios
5 - 9 Temple Bar
Dublin 2
Friday 18 July to Friday 19 September 2014
Dennis McNulty: Prototypes | Limerick City Gallery Pery Square, Limerick | Friday 18 July to Friday 19 September 2014 | to
Dennis McNulty: Prototypes

Limerick City Gallery
Pery Square, Limerick
Friday 5 September to Saturday 20 September 2014
Patricia Burns: November Paintings | Taylor Galleries 16 Kildare Street, Dublin 2 | Friday 5 September to Saturday 20 September 2014 | to
Patricia Burns: November Paintings

Taylor Galleries
16 Kildare Street, Dublin 2
Friday 18 July 2014
WERK // HEAT RASH | IMMA Royal Hospital, Kilmainham Dublin 8 | Friday 18 July 2014 | to
WERK // HEAT RASH

IMMA
Royal Hospital, Kilmainham
Dublin 8
Friday 5 September to Friday 10 October 2014
RDS Student Art Awards | Bourn Vincent Gallery University Of Limerick Plassey, Limerick | Friday 5 September to Friday 10 October 2014 | to
RDS Student Art Awards

Bourn Vincent Gallery
University Of Limerick
Plassey, Limerick
Friday 18 July to Saturday 6 September 2014
Marie Hanlon and Rhona Clarke: DIC TAT | Draíocht The Blanchardstown Centre Dublin 15 | Friday 18 July to Saturday 6 September 2014 | to
Marie Hanlon and Rhona Clarke: DIC TAT

Draíocht
The Blanchardstown Centre
Dublin 15
Thursday 4 September to Sunday 12 October 2014
Jonathan Monk | IMMA Royal Hospital, Kilmainham Dublin 8 | Thursday 4 September to Sunday 12 October 2014 | to
Jonathan Monk

IMMA
Royal Hospital, Kilmainham
Dublin 8
Wednesday 16 July to Thursday 17 July 2014
Public Art Now, with Claire Doherty, Situations | National Sculpture Factory Albert Road, Cork City | Wednesday 16 July to Thursday 17 July 2014 | to
Public Art Now, with Claire Doherty, Situations

National Sculpture Factory
Albert Road, Cork City
Monday 1 September to Tuesday 16 September 2014
Marilyn Gaffney | Eden Gallery Cavan County Museum Ballyjamesduff, Co. Cavan | Monday 1 September to Tuesday 16 September 2014 | to
Marilyn Gaffney

Eden Gallery
Cavan County Museum
Ballyjamesduff, Co. Cavan
Wednesday 16 July to Thursday 31 July 2014
John Black and Rachael Redfern: Occupation | VOID Patrick Street Derry BT48 7EL | Wednesday 16 July to Thursday 31 July 2014 | to
John Black and Rachael Redfern: Occupation

VOID
Patrick Street
Derry BT48 7EL
Friday 29 August to Saturday 4 October 2014
Amalia Ulman: Baby Footprints Crow’s Feet | Ellis King Unit 7, White Swan Donore Avenue Dublin 8 | Friday 29 August to Saturday 4 October 2014 | to
Amalia Ulman: Baby Footprints Crow’s Feet

Ellis King
Unit 7, White Swan
Donore Avenue
Dublin 8
Monday 14 July to Sunday 27 July 2014
Liam O’Callaghan: If and then…(again) | Galway Arts Centre 47 Dominick Street Galway | Monday 14 July to Sunday 27 July 2014 | to
Liam O’Callaghan: If and then…(again)

Galway Arts Centre
47 Dominick Street
Galway
Friday 29 August 2014
Photo Album of Ireland – Curator’s Talk | Photo Museum Ireland Meeting House Square Temple Bar, Dublin 2 | Friday 29 August 2014 | to
Photo Album of Ireland – Curator’s Talk

Photo Museum Ireland
Meeting House Square
Temple Bar, Dublin 2
Friday 11 July to Saturday 9 August 2014
Troika! | Hillsboro Fine Art 49 Parnell Square West Dublin 1 | Friday 11 July to Saturday 9 August 2014 | to
Troika!

Hillsboro Fine Art
49 Parnell Square West
Dublin 1
 
Associated sites
Design: iCulture • Privacy and cookies
Follow Dnote on Mastodon!Tweets by dnoting
day before opening reception
day of opening reception
day before open to public
day open to public
day before closing
day of closing

(e-mail addresses are not retained after the reminder is sent)

other sites designed or
assisted by iCulture